The Benefits of Video Games in Education
The use of video games as authentic learning tools is a controversial subject. In the past, video games have been labeled violent, pointless, and mind-numbing, but now educators are exploring the benefits of video games in the engagement and success of students.
Kids in grades K-12 today, also known as Generation Z, don’t know a world without the internet, and are the most tech-savvy generation yet. Almost half of them spend 10+ hours online daily, and 30,000 hours gaming by the age of 20. By using these statistics to their advantage, educators will be able to better engage with students, and evolve from the traditional lecture-and-test classrooms that our 20th century educational system is accustomed to.
Video games allow humans to think as a network rather than on their own, and sets their minds free. Players can wander around the digital terrain interacting with whatever and whomever they encounter. “Human minds are plug-and-play devices; they’re not meant to be used alone. They’re meant to be used in networks,” says James Gee, a professor of literacy studies at Arizona State University, who holds degrees in philosophy and linguistics from Stanford.
Further, games help us develop non-cognitive skills, like patience, discipline, collaboration, problem solving, and more that exemplify how we behave, explain how we learn and, ultimately, if we succeed. You can’t get that from a traditional classroom and textbook setting. The traditional classroom, in many ways, stifles some of those skills that are crucial for human learning. For example, persistence is a choice many games allow users to make when they are faced with negative performance. Rather than abandoning the game altogether, they often persevere to find a better way. On the other hand, test scores are often the final decision in the classroom.
On top of that, most massively multi-player online (MMO) games feature a system of points, badges, rewards and leader boards to account for people’s different motivations and needs for interaction or self-expression. Experts say those same features can be replicated in an educational context where rewards can go beyond simple stars. Better questions, and more difficult tasks could be the reward for good work.
There are some aspects of video games that pose some serious questions in a parent’s mind, but the fact is, video games aren’t going anywhere. But by working with the concept, video games could be the 21st century’s take on learning.
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Brittany Marklin is a contributing writer for Learning Liftoff and a community manager for K12. She coordinates all K12 student contests and connects with families who pursue online education. She attended George Mason University, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in marketing, with a minor in tourism and events management. Brittany spent her first five years at K12 on the social media team where she aided with content and strategy for multiple channels, and helped construct K12’s user-generated content site, “What’s Your Story?” When she’s not working, Brittany loves spending time with her husband and daughter in North Carolina.